Parameters of Olive Tree Marketing

These are the parameters (age and dimensions) used to market olive trees produced in our nurseries.

WILD OLIVE TREE
- from seedbed and naked root, development 4-6 leaves (delivery April-May);


1 YEAR-OLD OLIVE TREE
- grafted, in vase 10/10/17, height 10-25 cm; height 25-50 cm;
- self-rooted, in vase 7/7/10, height 10-25 cm, height 25 cm and above.

2 YEARS-OLD OLIVE TREE
- grafted and self-rooted, in vase cm 15x15x20 (weight about 4 kg.) or cm 13x13x18 (weight about 3 kg.), height 50-70 cm; 70-100 cm; 100-120 cm; above 120 cm.

3 YEARS-OLD OLIVE TREE

- grafted and self-rooted, in vase;
- extra choice, circumference of the trunk at 5 cm from the graft amounting to cm. 4-5.5, height 120-140 cm and above
- current strength, trunk circumference at 5 cm from the graft amounting to cm. 4-4, height 120 cm and above.

4 YEARS-OLD OLIVE TREE
- grafted and self-rooted, in vase, extra strength, trunk circumference at 5 cm form the graft amounting to 5,5-7 cm, height 150 cm and above.

5 YEARS-OLD OLIVE TREE

- grafted and self-rooted, in vase, extra strength, trunk circumference at 5 cm from the graft amounting to 7 cm and above, height 150 cm and above.

OLIVE TREE IN CONTAINERS

- grafted and self-rooted, suitable for decorative purposes.
Trunk circumference at 5 cm from the graft is variable: 8-10 cm; 10-12 cm; 12-14 cm; 14-16 cm; 16-18 cm; 18-20 cm. Height 180-200 cm and above.

Advice

A) First of all, remember that it is difficult to grow olives where the temperature often goes below - 10° and/or where there is high humidity due to frequent rains or, even worse, to frequent snow.

Excluding these two factors, the olive trees are well-adjusted to all other areas of Italy. This is a plant with a very good tolerance soil ranging from sub-acid to alkaline.

Take care with terrain where water collects. This may suffocate the roots and cause withering of the plants.

In any case, before planting, it is necessary to make a channel around the field at a depth of 80-120 cm. If the soil has poor drainage because it is very compact, to facilitate water runoff, create drainage with stones or with cement pipes.

B) Choice of varieties.

Table olives: in this case it is convenient that we are so close to the facilities that require this type of olives.

Double-use olives: these work well for production of table olives and at the same time have a good capacity in oil. This is a compromise that does not give the best characteristics of either type or the other.

Oil olives: for olives destined for oil production. First consideration is given to the varieties that are already in the area (local). Furthermore it must be documented if the area falls into the realm of certification (i.e. IGP: Protected Geographic Indication, or DOP: Protected Denomination of Origin). In this case the directives of the various production disciplines must be followed.

It must also be kept in mind that many varieties, being self-sterile, require pollinators or other special varieties that allow cross-pollination, producing excellent olive production.

A last suggestion is that, to facilitate counting of the plants in each hectare of soil, we present a table below where the first number indicates the distance between the plants in the row and the second number indicates the distance between the rows.

For various reasons, the recommended distance in the rows from plant to another is no less than 4 m and the distance between one row and the next is at least 5m. This facilitates the passage of the mechanized equipment for working the soil and eventually for mechanical harvesting of the olives.